How does tobacco affect your body systems?

effects of tobacco use

 effects of tobacco use

Most smokers know that there is an ever-growing list that states numerous dangers and negative effects of tobacco use. Yet, generation after generation continues to introduce the substance to their bodies and everyday lives. Regardless of how you safeguard or justify your reason for smoking combustible cigarettes, there are no safe ways to ingest tobacco products. From acetone and tar to nicotine and carbon monoxide, the effects of tobacco use, especially if prolonged, have the power to affect your entire body and lead to a variety of ongoing complications and risks. Now, let’s learn a little bit more about how tobacco has the ability to affect your body and its systems.

The central nervous system

Nicotine, a mood-altering substance that is found within tobacco, has the ability to reach your brain a few seconds after you take a deep puff from your cigarette. While the nicotine will make you feel energized for a while, the effect will soon wear off, make you feel tired and ultimately, make you crave it more. Nicotine is an extremely habit-forming substance that impairs your cognitive functioning, while also making you feel anxious, irritated and depressed.  

The respiratory system

It doesn’t take much research or convincing for you to know that smoke inhalation has the power to damage your lungs. Over time, people who smoke are at a much higher risk of conditions such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Not to mention, smokers are more prone to coughing, wheezing and asthma attacks.

The cardiovascular system

Smoking is detrimental to your cardiovascular system. Not only does nicotine cause your blood vessels to tighten, and restrict the flow of blood, but over time this damage has the ability to evolve into peripheral artery disease. Smoking also raises your blood pressure, weakens your blood vessel walls (increasing chances for clot clots) and together this drastically raises your risk of having a stroke. A heart attack and numerous variants of heart disease are also health risks that are heightening in smokers.

The integumentary system

This body system consists of your skin, hair and nails. Numerous substances that are found in tobacco can actually change the structure of your skins, increase your likelihood of getting a fungal nail infection and inflate your risk of hair loss, balding or early greyness.

The digestive system

There are many digestive problems that can be added to the extensive list of the effects of tobacco use. While smoking can increase your risks of developing mouth, throat, larynx, esophagus and pancreatic cancer, it can also affect your insulin, making it more likely that you’ll develop diabetes than a person who doesn’t smoke.

The reproductive system

Since nicotine affects your blood flow, for men, this can result in a decreases sexual performance, and for women, a decrease in natural lubrication and an inability to reach an orgasm. Smoking has the ability to lower your sex hormones and decrease sexual desires.

Which one of the effects of tobacco use on your body systems surprised you the most? Tell us in the comments section below.


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